8 diseases of office workers 2021

Let's talk about the most common "office" sores that all of us are susceptible to.

Office work does not require much physical strength and is not associated with an aggressive environment - toxic substances or odors. It seems that the same "plankton" is reliably protected from all sides, and most often the office workers visit a beautician (or at least a dentist). This is not so: the office provokes several occupational diseases, the symptoms of which do not appear immediately.

Dry eye syndrome

Long hours at the computer and/or reading a large amount of documentation lead to its development. The dry eye syndrome is provoked by a concentrated state (when we forget to blink in time in thought) and dry air in the room. If you are familiar with the feeling of fatigue, "grit" and sore eyes, it's time to consult an ophthalmologist and start doing simple eye exercises. Remember that your eyes should rest from the monitor: look into the distance and around at least every 5-10 minutes of working at the computer. 

Symptoms:

The most common is the sensation of a foreign body inside the eye. Redness and itching around the eyes may also be troubling.

Why is it dangerous:

Since we involuntarily touch and scratch our eyes now and then (those who wear lenses and glasses are maximally protected), the likelihood of mechanical damage to the eye from constant friction increases. A neglected syndrome can even lead to myopia or hypertrophy, since the eye is tense for a long time, and the retina practically does not rest.  

How to prevent this:

  1. Keep track of your computer time (and don't forget to blink). If there is no opportunity to frequently take a break for rest, you can set a sound reminder in your phone that every 20 minutes you need to arrange a period of active "blinking". Also, every 20 minutes you need to turn away from the computer and look into the distance.
  2. Adjust the monitor. Work must be done clearly at eye level.
  3. Check lighting and air conditioning. The light should be sufficient, and the air should never be blown into the face.
  4. Use special preparations that moisturize the mucous membrane (if you are afraid of drugs, then plant-based drops will be a good alternative).

Back pain

An office worker spends the whole day (let's be fair - even with lunch breaks, tea and toilet are at least 5-6 hours) in a sedentary state and runs the risk of earning back problems. The situation is aggravated by an uncomfortable position and, as a result, incorrect posture: often people, without noticing it, sit at the table, hunched over and stretching their necks forward (it is more convenient to look at the monitor screen this way). 

Symptoms:

Sedentary work leads to changes in the inter vertebral discs and pinching of nerve endings, which is why office workers complain of pain in the back, neck, and arms, as well as in the pelvis and legs.

Why is it dangerous:

From a constant incorrect position, the vessels and muscles are pinched, which leads to chronic muscle and even headaches.

How to prevent this:

  1. Try to give up sitting for a long time in the same position. Every 20-30 minutes, insert, move your legs and arms, pull the spine.
  2. Check the workplace. It should be anatomically correct: when you sit, your legs should be bent at the knees exactly at an angle of 90 degrees, the computer should be at eye level (not lower and not higher!). So that the desire to get closer to the monitor or move away from it does not arise.

Phlebotomy

Another scourge of sedentary workers is varicose veins. When sitting for a long time, gravity builds up extra blood in the veins of the lower extremities, and its stagnation can contribute to the risk of developing varicose veins.

Symptoms:

Often, in places where blood does not circulate well, itching and tingling sensations occur. Long-term absence of treatment leads to the fact that the veins begin to swell and bulge, visualized by asterisks and hypnosis on the skin. If the situation is completely neglected, bruising and pain may appear.

Why is it dangerous:

With the final stage of varicose veins ─ rupture of a vein ─ without surgery, most often it is no longer possible to cope.

How to prevent this:

  1. The simplest recommendations: avoid long-standing on your feet and constant long sitting, and every half hour to overcome a short distance (for example, a couple of flights of stairs).
  2. At the end of the day, it is recommended to lie down for half an hour in the "legs above the head" position (they can be put on a pillow or lean against a wall) and massage (only after lying down with raised legs) from the toes to make movements upward with your hands as if lifting blood.

Joint pain

More than half of men and women engaged in sedentary work complain of pain in joints (most often knees, shoulders, and neck) of varying intensity.

Symptoms:

Among them, not only pulling pain (the main complaint) but also an abnormal sound when moving or stretching - clicking or cracking, as well as swelling. 

Why is it dangerous:

This pain can be a sign of osteoarthritis, which causes joint dysfunction and limited mobility. Therefore, it is extremely important to see a doctor on time and start treatment.

How to prevent this:

  1. Set aside time for a workout at the gym during the week, or at least skip the elevator and devote half an hour a day to walking.
  2. Watch for static and control the body: do not be in a static position for more than half an hour and stretch your body more often (you can even do this in the toilet). Ideal scenario: daily yoga classes (half an hour in the morning and the evening).

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs in people who type a lot on the keyboard and manipulate the mouse for a long time. 

Symptoms:

Pain and numbness on the thumb, index, middle, and ring (inner side) fingers and, in general, pulling sensations from the palm. Sometimes the tingling sensation can be transformed into an electric current, and in someone, it can be given from the finger to the shoulder.

Why is it dangerous:

If you do not pay attention to the symptoms for a long time, the muscles of the hands and the radial nerve, to which the signal from the brain arrives, may suffer (in other words, the innervation and nutrition of the arm muscles will be disrupted - this is fraught with general weakness of the hand, drying out and inability to hold objects).

How to prevent this:

Position the computer so that it is anatomically comfortable (the hands should never hang off the table) and put your hands down every 20 minutes to establish blood circulation (hold it in a hanging position for a while and make a few vigorous rotational movements).

Dehydration and fatigue

Indoor humidity is a strategically important factor in maintaining well-being, as the human body is 60% water. When dry air prevails in the office (in winter when the batteries are on, in summer when using an air conditioner), oxygen circulation through the circulatory system is disrupted. As a result, you are overwhelmed with sleepiness, and in general, you start to get tired faster. The same situation occurs with dehydration, which is provoked by dry air, insufficient drinking, excessive sweating, and notorious stress.

Symptoms:

Poor concentration and severe fatigue at the end of the day, body aches, dry skin, muscle cramps.

How to prevent this:

Drink plenty of clean non-carbonated water, eat more vegetables and fruits, dry nuts, buy an air humidifier (if you don't already have one in your office), learn relaxation techniques for nightly practices, and master an “unloading” hobby.

Gastritis

Inflammation of the gastric mucous, which claims to be painful cramps, can be caused by two things - stress and poor nutrition (this includes both the quality of food and irregular intake). However, both are companions of office work.

Symptoms:

Basic: burning in the stomach, pain, "acid" belching, bad stools, sometimes nausea.

Why is it dangerous:

Gastritis can develop into a stomach ulcer, and the ulcer, in turn, can become a perforated ulcer and lead to bleeding or peritonitis. "Acidic" belching irritates the walls of the esophagus and, according to some reports, in a chronic form can provoke oncology.

How to prevent this:

  1. Establish a diet: drink a glass of water upon waking up, and during the day - up to 2-2.5 liters, excluding soups and tea.
  2. Eating regularly and in a balanced way is better at the same time: bring homemade food to work.
  3. Give up the duo of coffee plus cigarettes and reduce the amount of stress in life (the advice is banal, but it is better to try to do this - meditation to help).

Depression

One of the pathways to chronic stress and depression is the pressure at work. You may be dissatisfied with something or someone is dissatisfied with you, but internal conflicts significantly load the psyche and can create a feeling of absolute hopelessness in life. The physical manifestations of depression are fatigue and prolonged sleep with a feeling of lack of sleep after waking up, and the main dangers of depression are aggression towards others and suicidal moods.  

Symptoms:

In a black and depressed state, it is difficult to diagnose them on their own, but you still need to know that a person in depression usually avoids society and shuns people, does not want to participate in vigorous activity and does not show initiative, takes insignificant moments to heart, and can often cry.

How to prevent this:

  1. Start small - change your surroundings and do something relaxing (maybe try yoga if you haven't already, or panorama, a mental health promotion technique).
  2. The next step is to find a hobby or a new hobby. Finally, understand yourself and love your job (or change it to another occupation).

PS Many of these problems can be prevented, but if they already bother you and significantly reduce the quality of life, you should immediately consult a doctor.

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